The Microsoft Windows built-in system account or a user account can be used to run vCenter Server. With a user account, the Windows authentication for SQL Server can be enabled; it also provides more security. The user account must be an administrator on the local machine. In the installation wizard, specify the account name as DomainName\Username. If using SQL Server for the vCenter database, the SQL Server database must be configured to allow the domain account access to SQL Server. The Microsoft Windows built-in system account has more permissions and rights on the server than the vCenter Server system requires, which can contribute to security problems. A local user, administrative level account with limited permissions and rights must be set up for the vCenter Server system.
NOTE: Please review the benchmark to ensure target compliance.
Re-install the vCenter Server with a special-purpose, local-only administrator role with the 'Act as part of the operating system' privilege.
The following resource is also helpful.
This security hardening control applies to the following category of controls within NIST 800-53: Configuration Management.This control applies to the following type of system VMware.