In vSphere, users can be added to the Exception Users list from the vSphere Web Client. These users do not lose their permissions when the host enters Lockdown Mode.
Before adding service accounts such as a backup agent to the Exception Users list, verify that the list of users who are exempted from losing permissions is legitimate and as needed per the environment. Users who do not require special permissions should not be exempted from Lockdown Mode.
From the vSphere Client, select the ESXi host and go to Configure >> System >> Security Profile.
Under 'Lockdown Mode', click 'Edit' and remove unnecessary users from the exceptions list.
The following resource is also helpful.
This security hardening control applies to the following category of controls within NIST 800-53: Configuration Management.This control applies to the following type of system VMware.